Key Terms

0-9

10 times rule

A

Absolute contribution

Absolute importance

Adjusted coefficient of determination R ²adj

Algorithmic options

Alternating extreme pole responses

AVE

Average variance extracted (AVE)

B

Bias-corrected and accelerated (BCa) bootstrap confidence

Blindfolding

Bootstrap cases

Bootstrap confidence interval

Bootstrap samples

Bootstrapping

C

Cascaded moderator analysis

Casewise deletion

Categorical moderator variable

Causal indicators

Causal links

CB-SEM

Cluster analysis

Clustering

Coding

Coefficient of determination (R ²)

Collinearity

Common factor model

Communality (construct)

Communality (item)

Competitive mediation

Complementary mediation

Composite indicators

Composite reliability

Composite variable

Compositional invariance

Conditional indirect effect

Confidence interval

Configural invariance

Confirmatory applications

Confirmatory tetrad analysis for PLS-SEM (CTA-PLS)

Consistency at large

Consistent PLS (PLSc)

Construct scores

Construct-level sign change option

Constructs

Content specification

Content validity

Continuous moderator variable

Convergence

Convergent validity

Covariance-based structural equation modeling (CBSEM)

Coverage error

Critical t value

Critical value

Cronbach’s alpha

Cross-loadings

Cross-validated communality

Cross-validated redundancy

CTA-PLS

D

Data matrix

Davison and Hinkley’s double bootstrap

Degrees of freedom (df )

Diagonal lining

Direct effect

Direct-only nonmediation

Disattenuated correlation

Discriminant validity

Double bootstrapping

E

Effect indicators

Empirical t value

Endogenous constructs

Endogenous latent variables

Equality of composite mean values and variances

Equidistance

Error terms

Evaluation criteria

Exact fit test

Exogenous constructs

Exogenous latent variables

Explained variance

Exploratory

F

f ² effect size

Factor (score) indeterminacy

FIMIX-PLS

Finite mixture partial least squares (FIMIX-PLS)

First-generation techniques

Formative measurement

Formative measurement model

Formative measures

Formative-formative HCM

Formative-reflective HCM

Fornell-Larcker criterion

Full measurement invariance

Full mediation

G

Genetic algorithm segmentation in PLS-SEM (PLS-GAS)

GoF

Goodness-of-fit index (GoF)

H

HCM

Heterogeneity

Heterotrait-heteromethod correlations

Heterotrait-monotrait ratio (HTMT)

Hierachical component models (HCM)

Higher-order component (HOC)

Higher-order model

HOC

HTMT

Hypothesized relationships

I

Importance

Importance-performance map

Importance-performance map analysis (IPMA)

Inconsistent mediation

Index

Index of moderated mediation

Indicator reliability

Indicators

Indirect effect

Indirect-only mediation

Individual-level sign change option

Initial values

Inner model

In-sample predictive power

Interaction effect

Interaction term

Internal consistency reliability

Interpretational confounding

Interval scale

Intervals

IPMA

Items

Iterative reweighted regressions segmentation method (PLS-IRRS)

K

Kurtosis

L

Latent class techniques

Latent variables (endogenous, exogenous)

Listwise deletion

LOC

Lower-order component (LOC)

M

Main effect

Manifest variables

Maximum number of iterations

Mean value replacement

Measurement

Measurement equivalence

Measurement error

Measurement invariance

Measurement invariance of composite models (MICOM) procedure

Measurement model

Measurement model misspecification

Measurement models

Measurement scale

Measurement theory

Mediated moderation

Mediating effect

Mediation

Mediation model

Mediator variable

Metric data

MICOM

Minimum sample size

Missing value treatment

Mode A

Mode B

Model complexity

Model-implied nonredundant vanishing tetrads

Moderated mediation

Moderating effect

Moderation

Moderator effect

Moderator variable

Monotrait-heteromethod correlations

Multicollinearity

Multigroup analysis

Multiple mediation analysis

Multivariate analyses

N

No sign change option

No-effect nonmediation

Nominal scale

O

Observed heterogeneity

Omission distance (D)

Omnibus test of group differences (OTG)

One-tailed test

Ordinal scale

Orthogonalizing approach

OTG

Outer loadings

Outer models

Outer weights

Outlier

Out-of-sample predictive power

P

p value

Pairwise deletion

Parameter settings

Parametric approach

Parsimonious models

Partial least squares structural equation modeling

Partial measurement invariance

Partial mediation

Path coefficients

Path models

Percentile method

Performance

Permutation test

PLS path modeling

PLS regression

PLS typological path modeling (PLS-TPM)

PLSc

PLSe2

PLS-GAS

PLS-IRRS

PLS-MGA

PLS-POS

PLS-SEM

PLS-SEM algorithm

PLS-SEM bias

PLS-TPM

Prediction

Prediction error

Prediction-oriented segmentation in PLS-SEM (PLS-POS)

Predictive relevance (Q ²)

Product indicator approach

Product indicators

Q

q ² effect size

q ² effect size

Q ² value

R

R ²adj value

R ² values

Ratio scales

Raw data

REBUS-PLS

Redundancy analysis

Reflective measure

Reflective measurement

Reflective measurement model

Reflective-formative HCM

Reflective-reflective HCM

Relative contribution

Relevance of significant relationships

Reliability

Reliability ρA

Repeated indicators approach for HCM

Rescaling

Response-based procedure for detecting unit segments in PLS path modeling (REBUS-PLS)

Response-based segmentation techniques

RMStheta

Root mean square residual covariance (RMStheta)

S

Sample

Scale

Second-generation techniques

SEM

Shi’s double bootstrap

Sign indeterminacy

Significance testing

Simple effect

Simple mediation analysis

Single-item constructs

Singular data matrix

Skewness

Sobel test

Specific indirect effect

SRMR

Standard error

Standardized data

Standardized root mean square residual (SRMR)

Statistical power

Stop criterion

Straight lining

Structural equation modeling

Structural model

Structural theory

Studentized bootstrap method

Sum scores

Suppressor variable

T

Tetrad (τ)

Theoretical t value

Theory

Three-way interaction

TOL

Tolerance

Total effect

Total indirect effect

Two-stage approach

Two-stage HCM analysis

Two-tailed test

Two-way interaction

U

Unobserved heterogeneity

V

Validity

Vanishing tetrad

Variance inflation factor (VIF)

Variance-based SEM

Variate

VIF

W

Weighting scheme